Anguilla, a small coral island of 91 km2, was discovered by the Spanish in the late 15th century. The island owes its name, which means "eel" in Latin, to its elongated shape. The native population, peaceful Arawak farmers, were wiped out by the colonizers.
In 1650, Anguilla became a British colony, and its tropical forests were destroyed, giving way to tobacco, sugar and cotton plantations.
Present-day Anguilla, formed of the eponymous main island and its smaller neighbours Sombrero (5 km2), Dog Island, Scrub Island, and other tiny desert islands and reefs, is gradually turning into a paradise resort. Tropical forests that are once again spreading across the island, mysterious caves, endless sugar white beaches and secluded beachside villas attract not only well-off holidaymakers, but some global celebrities as well. However, asking for autographs would be a faux pas, as celebrities come here for a bit of peace and quiet in the idyllic natural surroundings.
Getting to the island is a bit of a challenge. Its airport can’t accommodate large aircraft, only small private planes. The quickest way to reach Anguilla by sea is from the nearby island of St. Martin, located 8 km to the south. It only takes half an hour by motor boat or ferry. The island has no public transport apart from taxis. At the seaport, you can rent a car, but do bear in mind that this overseas territory of Great Britain has left-hand traffic.
Data and Facts:
Anguilla is a self-governed British overseas territory in the northern part of the Lesser Antilles.
The area of the country: 102 km2
Climate: tropical, air temperature 28° C, average water temperature 27° C
Population: around 15,000
Capital: The Valley
Language: English, Creole
Currency: East Caribbean dollar
Local Time: Thursday 23rd of November 2017 - 07:13:33 AM
Dialing code: 1 264